Science

Science Department Teaching Staff:
 
Tony Jaszczur 
 
James LaRocque 
 
Dayna Turner 
 
Margaret Wiraszka
 
Promotional Science Video:
 
Science Department Video (click on the link to access the video)
 
 
Ontario Science Pathways Chart:
Course Descriptions:
Welcome to the Department of Science! Here at St. Mary's Catholic High School, we offer courses in three different levels:
 
  • Locally Developed and Workplace Preparation
  • Applied and College Preparation
  • Academic and University Preparation
 
Locally Developed and Workplace Preparation
 
Science – SNC1L - This is an introductory course in science that will allow you to learn about the basic concepts involved in biology, chemistry, physics and scientific inquiry.  Each of these topics explore a range of topics including life-sustaining processes in simple and complex organisms, properties of common materials, electrical circuits and science in daily life.  The course is designed to help you develop your mathematical and scientific process skills and to continue developing your skills in reading, writing and oral language through practical and relevant science activities.  You will be asked to design and conduct investigations related to the 4 topics of study allowing you to put your practical problem solving abilities to use and to apply your knowledge of science to everyday situations.  This course will provide you with considerable knowledge in science and prepare you for the next level of study and success in everyday life.  If you wish to continue study science this course prepares you for the Grade 11 Workplace Preparation course.
 
Science – SCN2L - This course emphasizes reinforcing and strengthening science-related knowledge and skills, including scientific inquiry, critical thinking, and the environmental impact of science and technology, to prepare students for success in everyday life, in the workplace, and in the Grade 11 Science Workplace Preparation course. Students explore a range of topics, including science in media, interactions of common materials, interdependence of organisms in communities, and using electrical energy.
 
Science – SNC4E - This course provides students with fundamental science knowledge and workplace skills needed to prepare them for success beyond secondary school. Students will explore hazards in the workplace, chemicals in consumer products, disease and its prevention, electricity at home and at work, and nutritional science. Emphasis is placed on current topics in science and relevant, practical activities that develop students’ literacy and mathematical literacy skills and enhance their scientific literacy.
 
Applied and College Preparation
 
Science – SNC1P - This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science to everyday situations. They are also given opportunities to develop practical skills related to scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into practical problems and issues related to the impact of human activity on ecosystems; the structure and properties of elements and compounds; space exploration and the components of the universe; and static and current electricity.
 
Science – SNC2P - This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science in real-world situations. Students are given opportunities to develop further practical skills in scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to human cells and body systems; chemical reactions; factors affecting climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.
 
Biology – SBI3C - This course focuses on the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will learn concepts and theories as they conduct investigations in the areas of cellular biology, microbiology, genetics, the anatomy of mammals, and the structure of plants and their role in the natural environment. Emphasis will be placed on the practical application of concepts, and on the skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.
 
Chemistry – SCH4C - This course enables students to develop an understanding of chemistry through the study of matter and qualitative analysis, organic chemistry, electrochemistry, chemical calculations, and chemistry as it relates to the quality of the environment. Students will use a variety of laboratory techniques, develop skills in data collection and scientific analysis, and communicate scientific information using appropriate terminology. Emphasis will be placed on the role of chemistry in daily life and the effects of technological applications and processes on society and the environment.
 
Academic and University Preparation
 
Science – SNC1D - This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and con- duct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.
 
Science – SNC2D - This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.
 
Biology – SBI3U - This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.
 
Chemistry – SCH3U - This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.
 

Physics – SPH3U - This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy trans- formations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

 

Science – SNC4M - This course enables students, including those pursuing postsecondary programs outside the sciences, to increase their understanding of science and contemporary social and environmental issues in health-related fields. Students will explore a variety of medical technologies, pathogens and disease, nutritional science, public health issues, and biotechnology. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study and helps refine students’ scientific investigation skills.

 

Biology – SBI4U - This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

 

Chemistry – SCH4U- This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

 

Earth and Space – SES4U - This course develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyse techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and surficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth’s systems interact and how they have changed over time. Throughout the course, students will learn how these forces, processes, and materials affect their daily lives. The course draws on biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence.

 

Physics – SPH4U - This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Resources:
This site contains learning activities catered for Ontario courses, made by Ontario educators.
 
Khan Academy offers instructional videos as well as activities to learn and practice science skills.
 
Explore curriculum and professional learning resources, including a STEM education toolkit.
 
Has a great selection of resources and activities for engaging children and youth at home.  
 
A fully interactive 3D scope which is a great practice tool to prepare you for working in a science lab.
Guest Speaker Dr. Larissa Barelli for Ms. Turner's Grade 11 Biology Class:
SMHS teacher Mrs. Turner has shared (with permission) a short write-up about a guest speaker (Dr. Larissa Barelli) for her grade 11 biology class.
 

Ms. Turner's Grade 11 University Biology class is very excited to welcome Dr. Larissa Barelli ‘virtually’ to their classroom on Tuesday, February 9th, 2021!

 

Dr. Barelli is a post doctorate student from Brock University who has a PhD in Biotechnology and has previously done extensive research on symbiotic relationships between fungi and plants. Her team’s discoveries led to advances in agricultural practices, potentially reducing the use of chemical pesticides by instead relying on the work naturally done by Metarhizium fungus to kill bugs and transfer nitrogen to plants.

 

Currently, Dr. Barelli is studying COVID-19 and how our cells respond to infection, as well as possible therapies to treat the virus. The research team has recently received a grant of $200,000 from The Canada Foundation of Innovation (CFI) to purchase equipment that will aid in their work.

 

In Grade 11 Biology, students learn about viruses, including their different morphologies, how they infect cells, and how they impact the body. It is clear that these concepts are very relevant and important due to the events in our current world. Hearing from Dr. Barelli about the research she is doing will allow students the opportunity to see their learning applied in the real world; it is a great chance to connect with the greater community and bring Biology to life!

 

If you would like to learn more about the work Dr. Barelli and her team at Brock University are doing, please read the article at the following link:

 

Brock awarded $200,000 for equipment to research cell biology of COVID-19 infection (click on the link to see the article)